Genetic Hair Loss / Balding

Southern Dermatology

What is Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA)

Androgenic alopecia is a genetic form of hair loss that can affect both men and women. It is commonly known as male pattern baldness or female pattern baldness. It is a hereditary condition that results in thinning of hair after puberty due to a genetic sensitivity to hormones and the aging process.

In men, hair loss and baldness occurs as a result of the male hormone ‘dihydrotestoterone’ (DHT) shrinking hair follicles over time, in a process known as follicular miniaturisation. Eventually new hairs stop growing, which results in baldness. DHT also activates female pattern baldness.

The main difference between men and women, is that the ‘pattern’ of thinning is different: in women the tends to be a scattered thinning over the top of the scalp, and the frontal hairline is usually preserved. Men however, tend to lose hair at the crown and frontal hairline (so called recession).

Although there is no cure for hair loss, a number of treatments can slow or reduce hair loss and even stimulate partial regrowth. There are tablet medications that can help target the hormones that drive hair loss; these must be taken indefinitely to continue to achieve benefit from them. Our Dermatologists have undergone extensive training in order to provide you with the best, evidence-based treatments for hair loss currently available.

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